November 30, 2007
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(remember that * means that the word is masculine and you use "el" (the or he), and º is femenine and you use "la" (the) or "ella" (she))
Ok then.. I'll continue with vocabulary!
First of all, people relationships.. Do you want to introduce someone from your family and don't know how?.......
Luckily for you, it's almost the same as in english!
you say in spanish: El/ella es mi (relationship)
english translation: He/she is my (relationship)
For example, "Ella es mi hermana" means "She is my sister"
And of course, to introduce yourself, you say:
Hola, soy (name), mucho gusto
Hola, me llamo (name), mucho gusto
Hi/Hello, I'm (name), nice to meet you
Hi/Hello, my name is (name), nice to meet you
If someone tells you that, you should reply by saying "yo me llamo (name), el gusto es mío" (especially if you're talking to someone of your opposite sex :P, if not, you can just say "yo me llamo (name)" unless it's a formal situation.. Oh and if they don't tell you "nice to meet you/mucho gusto", then just use the second option and ask something else hahaha)...
And if you wanna add something more about you, you can say "y soy..." (and I am... for example, SINGLE (soltero/a)) or "y vivo en..." (and I live in... for example, Chile :P.. Oh and to say "street" you say "calle" ;D)
So now that you now that.. here you have family members, friends and lots of more kinds of relationships!
ºMother - Mamá
*Father - Papá
*Brother - Hermano
ºSister - Hermana
*Siblings - Hermanos (don't forget the O if you have brothers and sisters or only brothers. It's both masculine and neutral.)
*Uncle - Tío (though the word "tío" is used in spain as you use "guy" in english. in Chile, you also call "tío" the father of a friend of yours when you're young (until you're 25-28) and "tía", the mother of a friend.)
ºAunt - Tía
*ºCousin - Primo (if it's a man) or Prima (if it's a woman)
*ºNephew - Sobrino (or Sobrina if it's a girl)
ºMother-in-law - Suegra
*Father-in-law - Suegro
ºDaughter-in-law - Nuera
*Son-in-law - Yerno
ºSister-in-law - Cuñada
*Brother-in-law - Cuñado
ABOUT COUPLE RELATIONSHIPS...
... (p.s: be certain to use the word "relación" (which means relationship) in plural only when extrictly neccessary, if you're not really sure, just say "relación" and everyone will understand you.. cos "relaciones" might mean "sex" hahaha)
ºCouple - Pareja
*Married - Casados (if in plural), Casada (if you're talking about the wife) or Casado (if you're talking about the husband)
*Boyfriend / ºGirlfriend - Novio / Novia (here in Chile we also say pololo/polola.. And leave "novio" for formal relationships, like when they're about to marry..)
*ºFiancé - Prometido / Prometida (or Novio / Novia)
*Groom/ºBride - Novio/Novia
Do you want to be my boyfriend/girlfriend? - ¿Quieres ser mi novio/novia? (or here in Chile, "¿Quieres pololear conmigo?"
*Love - Amor. (The verb is "Amar" (to love))
I love you - Te amo
Break up - Terminar
*Anniversary - Aniversario
ºDate - Cita
ºBlind date - Cita a ciegas
We're dating - Estamos saliendo (or here in Chile, "Estamos andando")
I like him/her (As a woman/man :P) - (Él/ella) Me gusta
*ºFriend - Amigo/Amiga
*ºBest friend - Mejor amigo/amiga
I like him/her (in friendship) - (Él-ella) Me cae bien
I don't like him/her - (Él-ella) Me cae mal
To get on well (with sb) - Llevarse bien (con alguien)
ASKING THINGS TO UNKNOWN PEOPLE..
Ok, let's say you want to meet someone who speaks spanish, or you just want to know where a certain street is. What would you say?.............................. Learn it here!
First of all, some basic vocabulary:
ºMusic - Música
*Sports - Deportes
*Work - Trabajar
*Study - Estudiar
ºLive - Vivir
ºHouse - Casa
*Flat - Apartamento
ºStreet - Calle
ºAvenue - Avenida
ºCity - Ciudad
*Country - País
Ok then.. Now we can say some phrases ;D.. (Remember, I'll teach you grammar later! but it's easier if you understand some vocabulary first :P)
Excuse me.. Do you know where "xx" avenue/street is?:
Disculpe.. ¿Usted sabe dónde está la avenida "xx"?
Excuse me.. Do you know this adress?
Disculpe.. ¿Usted conoce esta dirección?
Where do you live?
Where's your house?
¿Dónde está tu casa?
Where are you from?
¿De dónde eres?
How old are you?
¿Qué edad tienes?
What kind of music do you like?
¿Qué tipo de música te gusta?
Do you like sports?
¿Te gustan los deportes?
Do you work or study?
¿Estudias o trabajas?
What do you work in?
¿En qué trabajas?
What are you studying?
¿Qué estudias? / ¿Qué estás estudiando?
What's your fauvorite food/colour/etc?
¿Cual es tu color/comida/etc favorito(a)? (Remember that, for example, "color" is masculine, so you say "El color" and in this case, you use favorit-o, but "comida" is "La comida", so you use favorit-a)
PARTS OF A HOUSE and basic things you might need..
Let's say you need to find something at home.. But you don't know how to say it!
ºBedroom - Habitación
ºBathroom - Baño (or "cuarto de baño")
*Kitchen - Cocina
*Dining room - Comedor
ºLiving room - Sala de estar (In Chile we just say "*living")
*Closet - Armario (In Chile we just say "*closet")
*Corridor - Pasillo
ºBed - Cama
*Furniture - Mueble
ºClothes - Ropa (If you wanna know more about how clothes are called, tell me if you want to learn spanish or latin american (and in what part of latin america) spanish, because they have a different name.. for example, t-shirt here is "polera", in Argentina is "remera" and in Spain is "camiseta" probably..)
*Bedside table - Velador (buró in Mexico)/ ºmesa de noche
ºTable - Mesa
*Toilet (not the bathroom but the specific thing that you sit on hahaha)- Wáter (informal xD), inodoro, ºtaza del baño
*Public bathroom - Baño público
*Oven - Horno
*Microwave oven - Horno microondas (or just "microondas")
ºTowel - Toalla
*Toilet tissue - Papel higiénico
*Tissue (the one you use to blow your nose) - Pañuelo
ºLamp - Lámpara
ºLight - Luz (turn the lights on/off - prende/apaga la luz)
ºLightbulb - Bombilla / Ampolleta
*Mirror - Espejo
*Telephone - Teléfono
ºWashing machine - Lavadora
* Cellphone - Celular / Teléfono móvil
*Money - Dinero
*Bill (for example, the gas bill or a restaurant bill) - Cuenta
*Paycheck - Sueldo
ºCoin - Moneda
ºTelevision - Televisión
*ºComputer - *Computador / ºComputadora (Here we use "computador", but in many places it's called "computadora".. don't know why ^^U)
*Water - Agua
*Toothbrush - Cepillo de dientes
*Hairbrush - Cepillo de pelo
*Comb (the noun!) - Peine (peineta)
*Fridge - Refrigerador
*Perfume - Perfume (:P that was easy.. but the pronunciation is different!.. After my exams I'll teach you some pronunciation haha, it's MUCH easier than english)
Ok I'm done with vocabulary for today! Any other words you want to learn? Fruits and vegetables maybe? Or should I just go on with Pronunciation and Grammar?
Okkk take care! I won't be writing until tuesday, because I have to STUUUDYYYY ...
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