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Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect, form

The Past Perfect tense in English is composed of two parts: the past tense of the verb to have (had) + the past participle of the main verb.

Subject had past participle
We had decided...
Affirmative    
She had given.
Negative    
We hadn't asked.
Interrogative    
Had they arrived?
Interrogative negative    
Hadn't you finished?

Example: to decide, Past perfect

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I had decided I hadn't decided Had I decided?
You had decided You hadn't decided Had you decided?
He, she, it had decided He hadn't decided Had she decided?
We had decided We hadn't decided Had we decided?
You had decided You hadn't decided Had you decided?
They had decided They hadn't decided Had they decided?

Past perfect, function

The past perfect refers to a time earlier than before now. It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past. It does not matter which event is mentioned first - the tense makes it clear which one happened first.

In these examples, Event A is the first or earliest event, Event B is the second or latest event:

Event A Event B
John had gone out when I arrived in the office.
I had saved my document before the computer crashed.
When they arrived we had already started cooking
He was very tired because he hadn't slept well.

Past perfect + just

'Just' is used with the past perfect to refer to an event that was only a short time earlier than before now, e.g.

a. The train had just left when I arrived at the station.
b. She had just left the room when the police arrived.
c. I had just put the washing out when it started to rain.

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Past Perfect Tense Grammar Quiz

  1. We for socks for Christmas but we got them anyway.

  2. Had the ghost ever to you before you went off your medication?

  3. I at several companies before I finally got a job.

  4. Andre Agassi Brooke Shields by the time he met Stephie Graf.

  5. Had you Fanta before you moved to Germany?

Go Super to see the answers! Go Super!

Past Perfect Tense Lessons:

Salt

Best Date Ever

Plastic Surgery

Shake On It

Muse

Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa

Fur

District 9

Comments

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Rana1371

Rana1371

Iran, Islamic Republic Of

robber had left the bank before police arrived  :)


is it right friends ?

08:52 AM Feb 26 2014 |

Rana1371

Rana1371

Iran, Islamic Republic Of

dear zhannetka its no difficult for you , but these grammers are difficult for us, because its not our VERNACULAR.

08:48 AM Feb 26 2014 |

jasonhe2014

China

i had met a beautiful lady some days ago.

03:58 AM Feb 26 2014 |

Zhannetka

Zhannetka

Russian Federation

On my opinion, it is not so difficult.

05:15 AM Sep 25 2013 |

kanation

China

very  good

05:05 AM Sep 25 2013 |

aung122

aung122

Myanmar

good one.Thanks.

08:43 PM Jul 10 2013 |

SovannetMeas

Cambodia

For me The past perfect tense is very good. cos it help me easy to teach my friends.

07:54 PM Mar 24 2013 |

vinayaji

vinayaji

India

i had took  my kid off from school because heavey snow fall started.

05:11 AM Mar 11 2013 |

lakssh

India

i had spent great time with my frnds.

11:56 PM Feb 28 2013 |

Luckylucy31

Philippines

I had gone out when he called me.

06:19 AM Jan 18 2013 |