May 25 2018
In some countries, you cannot find clean drinking water easily. But in the US, it’s everywhere! It’s easy to buy a water bottle wherever you are: at the store, at the gas station, or even at school. There’s no reason to be thirsty!
However, buying water bottles isn’t always the best choice. If you buy one water bottle every day, that’s seven bottles in a week, thirty in a month, and over 500 in a year! And all of that plastic gets thrown into landfills. What a waste!
Instead, many people choose to get a reusable water bottle. It’s easy to fill up, and you won’t be throwing away so much plastic. It’s a little thing, but it makes a big difference for the environment.
Learn who doesn’t like buying water bottles (and who does) in this English lesson about drinking water.
Lily: Rafa, can you hold on for a second? I need to fill up my water bottle really quickly.
Rafael: I was actually going to get my own water. I’m going to buy it at that vending machine.
Lily: What? You actually buy plastic water bottles? That’s really bad for the environment.
Rafael: Well, why? I mean, isn’t yours plastic?
Lily: Yeah, but mine is reusable. Because you’re not constantly buying new plastic bottles, they don’t get thrown into landfills and then end up choking whales to death. So it’s more environmentally friendly.
Rafael: I guess so, but it’s also a huge pain in the neck.
Lily: Why? It’s not that bad.
Rafael: I don’t know. You just have to haul it with you all over the place. You have to tote it around. I’d rather just buy it when I’m thirsty and not worry about it when I’m not.
Lily: You’re everything that’s wrong with the world today.
Lily asks Rafael to wait for her while she fills up her water bottle. Rafael says he’s thirsty, too, but he wants to buy a water bottle from the vending machine.
Lily is surprised that Rafael actually buys plastic water bottles. She thinks that it’s bad for the environment and says that it’s better to have a reusable water bottle. Lily points out that old plastic water bottles get thrown into landfills. And all that trash can even hurt animals.
Rafael agrees with Lily, but for him, it’s just too much work to carry a reusable water bottle with him everywhere. He doesn’t want to tote around a bottle. If he’s thirsty, he’ll buy a water bottle. Otherwise, he doesn’t want to worry about it.
Do you have a reusable water bottle? Is it a pain in the neck to carry a water bottle with you?
Future in the Past
Rafael tells Lily he was going to get his own water. He uses future in the past.
Future in the past is used when you want to discuss something in the past that you thought would happen in the future. It doesn’t matter whether the thing actually ended up happening. You use future in the past to discuss a plan or a promise from the past.
There are two ways to form the future in the past. One way is to use was/were going to + verb, as in, “He was going to go to the movies last Friday night.” At some point in the past, he had a plan to go to the movies last Friday night. “Last Friday night” falls sometime between the moment when he made the plan and now. Rafael had a plan to buy a water bottle, but it was before his conversation with Lily right now.
You can also use would + verb to form future in the past. Use would when you are talking about something in the past that someone promised or volunteered to do. For example, you might say, “He said he would call when he arrived.” If the call happened, it happened after he said he would.
Which is correct, “I was reading when the phone rang,” or, “I was going to read when the phone rang”?