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January 24, 2010

Hey folks..!! i just wanted to share that part of grammar with all of you..

So enjoy it..!!

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WHAT IS LINGUISTIC?

It’s a science that deals with the scientific study of the language.

In this case we need to use the IPA (INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET) and it is popular for transcription by linguists.

WHAT IS LANGUAGE?

It’s a system for the communication of meaning, ideas and thoughts.

EVERY LANGUAGE HAS:

WORDS  //  SOUNDS  //  SYMBOLS  //  SPECIAL MARKS

divorce  // [ di’vɔ:s ] //  ɔ: //       :

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HOMOPHONES:

It’s a word which is pronounced the same as another word, but which has a different meaning and spelling.

e.g.   so [ səʊ ] sew [ səʊ ] & sow [səʊ ]

       sun [ sʌn ]  &  son [ sʌn ]

       die [ daI ]  & dye [ daI ]

       through [ θru: ]  &  threw [ θru: ]

   they’re [ ðer ]  their [ ðer ]  &  there [ ðer ]

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HOMONYMS:

It’s a word which is spelled the same as another word but it doesn’t have the same meaning.

e.g.  close(verb) [ kLoʊs ] & close(noun) [ kloʊs ]

water(verb) [ ‘wɔ:tər ] & water(noun) [ ‘wɔ:tər ]

design(verb) [dI’zaIn ]& design(noun) [ dI’zaIn ]

Here you need to look at the dictionary those words and find the difference between them.

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HOMOGRAPHS:

Words that are spelled the same but have different stress, pronunciation, meaning and function.

e.g. produce(verb) [ prə’du:s ] &

     produce(noun) [ ‘prɑdu:s ]

     prospect(verb)[ prəs’pekt ]&

     prospect (noun)  [ ‘prɑspekt ]

If you observe carefully, you will notice that the verbs have the stress in the second syllable and the nouns have the stress in the first syllable.

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REVIEW:

CLASIFICATION  //  SPELLING  //  PRONUNCIATION  //  MEANING

Homophones    //  different //    same         //  different

Homonyms     //   same     //    same         //   different

Homographs  //  same      //  different      //  different

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THE ACCENT:

1.- Every word has at least one primary stress []

e.g.  Tonight  [ tə’naIt ]

2.- But some other words may have a secondary stress [ , ]

e.g. Television  [ ‘telI,vIʒn ]   

03:55 AM Oct 13 2011

JessicaRamirez
Germany

Hi there!

Just wanted to thank you for such a creal and great explanation. The information you shared here is very important and useful! I usually use YouTube in order to improve my English and I download its videos onto my computer by the use of YouTube to MP4 Converter that I got on it official website http://convertyoutubetomp4.net/ Hope you like it too! Toodles!

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Location

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Guayaquil Go Super!

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