Baking Bread

Baking Bread

Dec 13 2019


Do you know which food is made around the world but looks very different, depending on where you are? It’s bread! From flat breads baked over an open fire, to dark, hearty whole grains, to light, fluffy, white loaves for sandwiches, bread can look like almost anything.

Some cultures have specific rules for when to eat bread and how to get it. For example, people in some countries traditionally eat bread for dinner. In other places, people get up before the sun to buy bread at the local bakery. Whether you buy it off the store shelf or hot out of the oven, it’s important to know what goes into the food you eat and if it has high nutritional value.

One way to be sure of the ingredients is to bake bread at home! The ingredients for a simple loaf are easy: flour, water, salt, yeast, and sugar. Yeast takes time to rise, so you do have to plan ahead. But the smell of fresh-baked bread is definitely worth the time and energy it takes.

Learn who loves to bake bread in this English lesson.


Lily: Hey, Raf! Do you want to try this bread I made? It’s really good. It’s a sourdough. I spent like five hours making it today.
Rafael: Oh, that’s what smells so good. How did you make that?
Lily: It’s pretty basic. It’s just flour and water and yeast, and you let it rise for a long time. Then you have to knead the dough, and then you bake it. And that’s all there is to it.
Rafael: So you never buy bread at the grocery store anymore?
Lily: Not if I can help it. There are too many preservatives. I like knowing what is in my food.
Rafael: This one’s sourdough. Are there other kinds that you make?
Lily: I like making challah bread, breads with whole grains in them, that kind of thing. Do you want to try some of my bread?
Rafael: Well, I have a confession to make. I’m actually gluten-allergic.
Lily: What? What’s gluten? I don’t know what gluten is.
Rafael: Gluten is something that’s found in bread.
Lily: Oh, really?
Rafael: Yeah, but you can make bread gluten-free. Did you know that?
Lily: I did not know that. I guess I’ll have to find some recipes.
Rafael: They say it’s actually better for you to eat things without gluten. More nutritional value.
Lily: That remains to be seen.


Lily loves baking bread. It’s pretty easy, and she always knows exactly what she puts into her food. Baking bread herself assures Lily there are no scary preservatives or anything that’s not natural. Plus, she can bake all different kinds of bread.

Rafael thinks Lily’s bread smells amazing, but he can’t eat it, even though she offers him some. Rafael says he’s allergic to gluten, which means he’ll get sick if he eats most bread. The protein gluten is found in wheat flour, so he has to be careful about his food choices.

Not all hope is lost, though! Rafael tells Lily there are some breads that are gluten free. She promises to look for some recipes and try baking a gluten free bread soon.

Do you bake your own bread? What does bread look like where you live? What’s your opinion on gluten-free food?

Grammar Point

Simple Future Tense

Lily tells Rafael, “I’ll (I will) have to find some recipes.” She uses simple future tense.

Simple future tense is used to talk about something that will happen at a later time than now. It is formed using will + verb or be going to + verb. For example, Lily could also say, “I am going to have to find some recipes.”

In some situations, like when making a prediction about the future, either be going to or will works. But to talk about something that’s already planned or decided, it’s best to use be going to, as in, “I’m going to graduate next month.”

Which is correct, “I will learn English someday,” or, “I am learning English someday”?


  1. Which kind of bread does Lily NOT mention baking?

  2. Why can’t Rafael eat Lily’s bread?

  3. Which ingredient(s) would you put in homemade bread?

  4. Choose the correct use of simple future tense.

See the full English lesson at English, baby!