Learn English with English, baby!

Join for FREE!



View all entries from MY BLOOOG >



United Arab Emirates

August 9, 2010

What is Ramadan?

The ninth month of the Islamic calendar, Ramadan, is one of the most important periods in the Muslim year. It is a time of spiritual awakening, self-evaluation and remembrance of Allah, which Muslims observe through fasting and prayer. Ramadan teaches Muslims self-discipline, humility and giving. Charity is a significant part of Ramadan and Muslims are expected to help the needy.

For more than a billion Muslims around the world, it is a time for devotion to God and self-restraint, when communal nightly prayers are conducted and the basic teachings of Islam are emphasised and Ummah (Islamic nation) consciousness is heightened.

 When does Ramadan fall?

Ramadan falls 11 days earlier each year on the Gregorian calendar and the duration of the fast changes depending on which season the month falls in.

The start of Ramadan, as that of all Islamic months, is based on the sighting of the new moon, the hilal, which is why the crescent is often used as an unofficial symbol of the month. The moon sighting is also the reason that the start of Ramadan differs from one country to another, but many opt to follow Saudi Arabian sightings to be able to mark the days together.

Who is required to fast?

As one of the five pillars of Islam, fasting during Ramadan, which is considered one of the highest forms of worship, is obligatory for those Muslims past the age of puberty who are mentally and physically fit and not travelling, as long as it does not cause them physical or mental harm.

Those who cannot fast during Ramadan, owing to health or other reasons, may fast in other months, or feed the poor.

What exactly is required?

During a Ramadan fast, Muslims abstain from food, drink and sexual activity from dawn till dusk. A fast consists of a true and verbal intention that must be recited, as well as a package of dos and don'ts which are specifically emphasised during the month.

Fasting, or sawm (literally refrain), did not become obligatory until 624 AD. It is an opportunity to cleanse the body and mind and promote the principle of sincerity by keeping the individual away from arrogance.

Among the greatest benefits is the lesson in self-restraint and discipline that could be carried forward to other aspects of a person's life, such as work and education.

A typical day of fasting begins with waking up before dawn to have a meal called the suhoor before the start of the fasting day. At sunset, Muslims usually break their fast upon the call for Maghreb (sunset) prayers with another meal called iftar. Prayers are conducted five times through the day, as they are on all days, and an extra set of prayers called Taraweeh is conducted after Isha or night prayers.

Work hours in the private sector are shortened by two hours for Muslims and non-Muslims.

Guide to Ramadan terms

Ramadan: The ninth month of the Islamic (lunar) calendar.

Sawm: The Arabic word for fast.

Iftar: Ending of the fast immediately after sunset. Iftar takes place at the Maghrib Adhan (call to prayer) Traditionally the fast is ended with dates and water and is a time when friends and family come together

Suhoor: The pre-fast meal before dawn and Fajr (morning call to prayer).

Taraweeh: Special congregational prayers conducted after Isha (night prayer)

Qiyam-ul-Layl: Prayers during the last ten days of Ramadan, which

Eid Al Fitr: Three-day celebrations marking the end of Ramadan. It takes place on the 1st of Shawal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar.

Fidya: Compensation for missing a fast, for those unable to, or wrongly practising it. Fidya usually takes the form of donating money, foodstuffs, or sacrificing an animal.

Zakat Al Fitr: Muslims give away a certain percentage of the total value of all that they own annually and distribute it to charity and the needy. The contribution given at the end of Ramadan.

Eid Mubarak: Greeting meaning "Have a happy and blessed Eid" expressed at the end of Ramadan.

 copy from:

  • Gulf News
  • Published: 17:09 August 3, 2010
  • More entries: All you need to know about Ramadan (6), 4 my friend... (4), why we need friends!!!, Do you know what does (FAMILY)mean?? (4), Different Wedding Traditional ^__^ (3), 4 my friends.... (2)

    View all entries from MY BLOOOG >

    01:11 PM Aug 11 2010




    10:13 AM Aug 11 2010


    I didn't mean by Ring "Ring o",I meant a sign,like by mobiles,you ring me and I ring you...like that :)

    12:59 PM Aug 10 2010



    wow. why ring? is a gift from poland enough ?:D

    11:57 AM Aug 10 2010


    Heeeeeeey,That would be great...

    I've got causins who are imigrated in France who come especially to fast Ramadan with familly and aquaintances,it's a great feeling

    Well...in case you wanted to do that...just give me a ring,you can bring your familly too,and neighbours...but neighbours...it's ok we'll find them a place LOL

    12:54 PM Aug 09 2010



    I read a lot about Ramadan. I watched a movie about ramadan among arabic muslim (it was sogreat movie, people were so kind, and so close to each other) and ramadan in Polish muslim family. I wish to fast Ramadan some day :) In arabic country, just to feel their atmosphere x) and experience their kindness:)

    11:47 AM Aug 09 2010


    Oh I love this month...I really feel good and happy;because my stomach takes a rest from eating :D,and my good side grows on my evil side too...I just feel better :)