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Changes - verbs

Changes - verbs

Date: Oct 04 2007

Topic: Business English

Author: rhyme_reason


'to promote' = to move someone up to a higher position in the organization.

  • He handed his notice in last month when he didn't get promoted to senior manager.
  • She wants to be promoted to supervisor but doesn't have the interpersonal skills for that job yet.

'to renew' = to make new, to extend the life or replace something.

  • I originally had a two-year contract but it has been renewed twice.
  • We need to renew the work permits for the foreign workers who have been here a year.

'to lay off' = to make redundant, to stop employing someone

  • When we closed the warehouse, we laid off more than fifty people.
  • Technological advances means that we have had to lay off more and more unskilled workers.

'to demote' = to move someone to a lower level in the hierarchy

  • She was demoted after the terrible changeover to the new accounting system.
  • Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to demote anyone who does not live up to expectations.

'to sideline' = to not promote someone, to move them to a position with less effective power

  • When the new CEO was nominated, he was sidelined to another department.
  • After a period as a very ineffectual head of department, he was sidelined until he retired.

'to replace' = to exchange one thing for another, to put a person in the job of someone else.

  • Ken replaced Tanya when she left to pursue another career.
  • When David left, he was replaced by two people as the job had grown enormously.

'to retire' = to stop working due to ill health or age.

  • Jack suffers from ill health and has had to retire early.
  • The statutory age for retirement is 60 although people often retire early if they can.

'to increase' = to get bigger in amount or size.

  • Contributions that employees pay increased faster than salaries so cutting their net incomes.
  • Even though profits have increased, we are not in a position to increase salaries above the rate of inflation.

'to expand' = to increase in size, number or importance.

  • We have expanded our retail operations very quickly over the last three years.
  • The company expanded very quickly in the 1990s but has since stopped growing so fast.

'to restructure' = to organize a business or system in a new way to make it more efficient.

  • Currently we are restructuring our organization and dividing it into five cost centres.
  • He lost his job when the company restructured the department.

'to streamline' = to improve the effectiveness of parts of an organization, often by simplifying procedures.

  • We are streamlining the procedure to cut the time it takes to deliver to the customer.
  • Streamlining administration and giving more responsibility to individuals will reduce costs considerably.

'to relocate' = to move to a new place

  • Production is being relocated to Bulgaria next year creating lots of redundancies here.
  • My company paid all the costs when I was relocated to my previous job in Scotland.

'to relax' = to make a rule less strict or severe.

  • Unfortunately we can't relax the no-smoking ban. The law won't permit it.
  • We have relaxed the dress code considerably and now people often wear jeans to the office.

'to enforce' = to impose a rule more strictly or to make people follow a rule.

  • For health and safety reasons, we have to enforce the no-smoking rules.
  • It is extremely difficult to enforce time-keeping rules without some form of electronic system.

'to adjust' = to change something a little to make it correct or suitable.

  • We are adjusting the salary scales so that they reflect present responsibilities better.
  • Salaries are adjusted annually according to the rate of inflation and the financial results.

'to reduce' = to make smaller in size, quantity or importance.

  • We have reduced the number of workers with the introduction of more modern technology.
  • In order to reduce expenditure in the department, we have introduced several cost-cutting measures.

'to deteriorate' = to become worse

  • Morale has deteriorated since the rumours of closure began.
  • Sales figures have continued to deteriorate despite the launch of the latest version.

'to downsize' = to make a company or organization smaller by reducing the number of people working for it.

  • The organization has a plan to downsize in order to reduce costs.
  • Many organizations downsized during the 1980s when new technologies were introduced.

'to phase in' = to introduce something in stages over a period of time

  • The changes in pay scales will be phased in over the next three years.
  • The new organization will be phased in gradually starting here in head office.

'to phase out' = to remove or stop doing something gradually over a period of time.

  • That line of products has been phased out and replaced by the new range.
  • It has taken us six months to phase out the old software and introduce the new.

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