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How To Learn English

How To Learn English

Date: Nov 14 2008

Topic: British English

Author: alkhader


Tips and ideas on the best ways to learn English faster.

Tips for Beginners

  1. You are like a new baby
    Babies learn their language slowly.
    First they learn to listen.
    Then they learn to talk.
    Finally, they can read and write.
  2. Listen to English every day
    Listen to English radio.
    Watch English TV.
    Go to English movies.
    Use online lessons.
  3. Make an English/ESL friend
    Make up conversations.
    Practice dialogues.
    Use beginner textbooks.
  4. Read English stories
    Start with children's storybooks.
    Try ESL readers.
    Read advertisements, signs and labels.
    Try EnglishClub.com for Young Learners.
  5. Write down new words
    Start a vocabulary (new word) notebook.
    Write words in alphabetical order (A...B...C...).
    Make example sentences.
    Always use an English-English dictionary first.
  6. Keep an English diary
    Start with one sentence.
    How do you feel?
    How is the weather?
    What did you do today?
    Write another sentence tomorrow.
  7. Visit an English speaking country
    Learn English more quickly.
    Stay with an English family.
    Hear native speakers talk.
    Have a fun experience.



Where do I start?

Why do you want tolearn English?
Before you begin (or go back to) studying English, ask yourself one question. Whydo I want to study English? Is it because you want to, or because someoneelse wants you to? Like every decision in life, studying English must besomething you want to do.

Set goals
if you know why you want to study, setting goals is easy. For example, maybeyou want to travel to an English-speaking country. Great. Your goal might be tolearn "Survival English". Perhaps you already know many usefulphrases, but you want to improve your listening skills and pronunciation.Whatever your goals are, write them down.

Make an agenda
How long do you need to study to achieve your goals? This answer is differentfor every student. The important thing is to be realistic. If you work 60 hoursper week, don't plan on spending another 40 hours a week studying English.Start off slow, but study regularly. Use material that is challenging, but nottoo difficult. Find out what works for you. After you have studied for a fewweeks, adjust your study schedule accordingly. Do you study best at night, oron the bus on your way to work? Do you like to study alone in a quiet place, orwith friends and background music? Click here for a sample4 week agenda.

Make a commitment
Learning English requires a lot of motivation. Nobody is going to take yourattendance when you aren't in class. If you are sure you are ready to beginstudying, make a commitment. Click here to signa contract with yourself.

Have fun learningEnglish!
The things we do best in life are the things we enjoy doing. If you aren'thaving fun learning English, you're not studying the right way! You can be aserious student who has fun at the same time. Make up your own rewards programto give yourself incentives to stay on task.

Study a Balance of the 4 Key Skills
(Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing)

Most students want to communicate better in English. If this is one of yourgoals, it is important to study a balance of the four major skills.Listening, Speaking, Readingand Writing are the main (macro) skills you need to communicate in anylanguage. Being very good at only one of these skills will not help youto communicate. For example you need to be able to read well before you canwrite well. You also need to be able to listen before you can speak. It helpsto think of these communicative skills in two groups.

  • INput «««
    • Listening (in through your ears)
    • Reading (in through your eyes)


  • OUTput »»»
    • Speaking (out through your mouth)
    • Writing (out through your hand)

It's simple. Think of it this way. First you have input. Next you haveoutput. First you listen to someone ask you a question. Second you speak andgive them your answer. First you read a letter from someone. After that youwrite back to them. These are examples of communicating.

Input and output don't necessarily go in a specific order. Sometimes youspeak first and then you listen. Sometimes you write about something you hear.During communication, the person you are communicating with uses one of the oppositeskills. Therefore, in order to understand each other, everyone must be skillfulin all four areas.

Some students want to know which skill is the most important. Since all ofthe skills rely on each other, they are all important. However, to communicatewe do use some skills more often than others. For example, about 40% of thetime that we spend communicating we are simply listening. We speak for about35% of the time. Approximately 16% of communication comes from reading, andabout 9% from writing. These statistics are for an average communicator inEnglish. Depending on someone's job or situation, these numbers may vary.

Each of these main skills have micro skills within them. For example,pronunciation is a type of speaking skill that must be practised in order toimprove communication. Spelling is a skill that makes understanding the writtenword easier. Grammar and vocabulary are other micro skills. Micro doesn't meanthey are unimportant. Macro skills such as listening are very general, while microskills are more specific. (More about input andoutput)

For the best results, create an agenda that combines all four areas ofstudy. Allow one type of studying to lead into another. For example, read astory and then talk about it with a friend. Watch a movie and then write aboutit. This is what teachers in an English class would have you do, right?EnglishClub.com has lessons in all 4 key skills (and all minor skills), as wellas many outside links to help you study further. (ESL Internet resources)

1. How to learnLISTENING

  • Listen to the radio
    Do not always have a pen in hand. Sometimes it helps to just listen.
  • Watch English TV
    Children's programming is very useful for ESL learners.
    Choose programs that you would enjoy in your own language.
    Remember that much of what you hear on TV is slang.
  • Call Automated Answering Machine recordings
    You can find these numbers at the front of telephone books in many English-speaking countries. Before you dial, make sure that you are calling the free numbers.
  • Watch movies
    Choose ones with subtitles, or one from ESLNotes.com (provides useful notes on popular movies).
  • Use Internet listening resources
    Every day there are more and more places to listen to English online.
  • Useful Listening links:
    EnglishClub.com English Listening
    More listening tips

2. How to learnSPEAKING and pronunciation

  • Talk to yourself
    Talk about anything and everything. Do it in the privacy of your own home. If you can't do this at first, try reading out loud until you feel comfortable hearing your own voice in English.
  • Record your own voice
    This might feel very uncomfortable, but it will help you find your weak pronunciation points. Listen to yourself a few days later. Which sounds do you have difficulty hearing?
  • Use the telephone.
  • Participate in class
  • Learn common idioms
  • Understand the sounds that your language doesn't have
    For example, many languages don't have the "r" sound. These sounds require extra practice.
  • Recognize that teachers are trained to understand you
    When you get out into the real world, average people will have a more difficult time understanding you unless you practise speaking slowly and with proper pronunciation.
  • Practise minimal pairs
  • Study word and sentence stress
  • Practice tongue twisters
  • Useful Speaking links:
    EnglishClub.com English Speaking
    EnglishClub.com English Pronunciation
    Speaking tips
    More speaking tips

3. How to learn READING and vocabulary

  • Read something every day
    Children's books, simplified readers (Penguin), newspapers, magazines, Internet sites, novels, and much much more...
  • Read what interests you.
    Remember that you learn better when you are having fun.
  • Read at the appropriate level
    You want to learn new vocabulary, but you also want to understand what you are reading. If you are looking up every word, the reading is too difficult.
  • Review Who, What, Where, When, Why for each story you read
    You can do this for almost any type of reading. Who is it about? What happened? Why did it happen? Where did it take place? When did it take place? This is very useful when you have no comprehension questions to answer. You can write or speak your answers.
  • Always have an English-English dictionary nearby
    It is a bad habit to always rely on a translation dictionary or electronic dictionary.
    Think of your English-English dictionary as your life line.
    Use online dictionaries when you are using the Internet (keyword online dictionary).
  • Record vocabulary in a personal dictionary
    • Keep this notebook separate from other work
    • Record vocabulary in alphabetical order (an English address book works well because it has letters of the alphabet)
    • Record the part of speech (sometimes there is more than one)
    • Write a sample sentence for yourself (don't use the one from the dictionary)
    • Review your personal dictionary (especially new entries) every night before bed


4. How to learnWRITING and spelling

  • Keep a diary/journal
    Don't always pay attention to grammar. Free-writing can be very useful. It can show you that writing is fun. Have fun with the language.
  • Write emails in English
    Stay in contact with teachers or other students.
  • Rewrite your local news in English
    This is another exercise that can be done on a daily basis. Remember that regular activities are the best ones.
  • Learn important spelling rules
    Remember, you won't always have a dictionary or a spell-checker handy, especially when you are writing a test. Even native English speakers need to review the spelling rules from time to time.
  • Learn commonly misspelled words
  • Learn common English errors
  • Get an ESL penpal
  • Useful Writing links:
    EnglishClub.com English Writing
    More writing tips

More TIPS for learning English

Don't be afraid of grammar

  • Grammar is for communication
    Sometimes students get obsessed with grammar. This is especially true for students who grew up with strict grammar schooling. Remember that you only study grammar in order to communicate. Practise with a few exercises, then write an essay or have a conversation and try to use your new tools.
  • Isolate your weak points
    Don't waste time on grammar exercises that you already understand just because they are easier for you. Concentrate on grammar that is difficult for you. If you are unsure of where your problems are, write a few short essays or paragraphs and ask a teacher to circle repeated errors. Then you can look up your problem and practise it.
  • Teach grammar points to a friend
    Find a friend who studies at a lower level than you. Teaching will force you to remember the rules and to understand them properly. Try preparing a worksheet for your friend.

    Useful Grammar links:
    EnglishClub.com English Grammar
    Gramar is your friend
    Grammar Safari

Improve your homework skills

  • Stay organized. Keep separate notebooks for exercises, writing, and vocabulary.
  • Use a pen that you love.
  • Study in short, regular periods.
  • Allow a short amount of time for review.
  • Study in a place where you feel happy and comfortable.
  • Don't allow distractions. Consider email, TV, and the telephone (unless in English) off limits while you are studying.
  • Have a drink and snack handy so that you don't have to get up.
  • If you study in pairs or groups, make an English-only rule.

Visit an English-Speaking Country

  • Take a language holiday.
  • Stay with a homestay family.
  • Learn from native English teachers.
  • Gain access to English culture.
  • Get a part-time job.
  • Volunteer.
  • Make native English friends.
  • Make friends with people from other countries.
  • Become more confident.
  • Hire a tutor.
  • Offer language lessons/swap in your own native tongue.
  • Useful links:
    Language Holidays
    English Schools Guide

Prepare for a standardized test such as TOEIC or TOEFL

  • Qualify for a better job in your country (TOEIC).
  • Get accepted to an American college or university (TOEFL).
  • Use guided-study text books.
  • Study a broad range of whole language.
  • Track your improvement easily (test scores).
  • Learn idiomatic language.
  • Learn business English (TOEIC).
  • Improve your vocabulary quickly.
  • Take classes and get access to many listening exercises.
  • Challenge yourself to improve your score.
  • Learn and practise proper essay format (TWE/NEW TOEFL).
  • Become a grammar expert.
  • Improve your general knowledge.
  • Useful links:
    ESL Exams
    TOEFL Tips and Practice
    TOEIC Tips and Practice
    Official Cambridge site
    Official TOEFL site
    Official TOEIC site







Fun with English Ideas

  • Have an English-only evening once a week. Cook in English (rewrite your recipe in English) or watch English movies.
  • Write an English love letter. (If your loved one doesn't understand English that's even better!)
  • Write English limericks. (These are excellent and simple for writing, pronunciation and rhythm practice.)
  • Rewrite fairytales, jokes or instructions in English.
  • Go out and pretend you don't understand your native language (try to get by in only English).
  • Go online and find the lyrics to your favourite English songs and sing along to them (use a search engine).
  • Learn the words to English national anthems. Sing along when you hear them on TV (sporting events).
  • Invent an English character for yourself (with job, family, etc). Write this person's biography.
  • Buy an English board game (like Monopoly or Scrabble).
  • Play cards in English.
  • Start up or join an English reading or conversation club.
  • Talk to yourself in English while you clean or do the dishes.
  • Go around the house and try to name everything in English (furniture, clothes etc). Look up words you don't know.
Sours : Internet English Site 


Log in to Comment




that’s  great

03:47 AM Jul 26 2012 |


United Kingdom

Great bunch of information,we can improve our grammar with the help of new English file intermediate,  and thanks to you 



08:19 AM Jan 27 2011 |



United States

Thanks for  the great list. Online Classes can really help you improve your spoken English.


03:30 PM Nov 29 2010 |



hen hao!!! great!! superb!!

07:50 AM Sep 01 2009 |



Syrian Arab Republic


07:22 AM Sep 01 2009 |



Gr8 tips.I recommend you to check www.vocabularybuilding.org. Its a great site, contains lots of words, learning videos and tips as well .An effective way to improve your vocabulary quickly.


06:51 PM Jun 15 2009 |



so great

07:23 AM Apr 06 2009 |


Hong Kong

Wow.. This is a good list… I have also prepared a lot of English videos that can teach you English. Hope you find it useful too:


11:18 AM Dec 20 2008 |

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